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Architectural sketches by Pascal Coste

Pascal Coste

Xavier Pascal Coste (26 November 1787 – 8 February 1879) was a French architect, born in Marseille, France. Showing intellectual and artistic promise, Pascal began his studies in the studio of Penchaud, architect of the département and the municipalité. In 1814, he was received into the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His time in Paris was a pivotal one in his life – there he met the geographer Edme François Jomard, who put him in touch with the viceroy of Egypt, Mehmet Ali, who took Coste on as his architect in 1817.

In 1825 Coste returned to France with an impressive series of drawings of the architecture of Cairo, but he soon went to Egypt once again at Mehmet Ali’s request, where Mehmet Ali made him chief engineer for Lower Egypt. Coste remained there for four years, during which time he accumulated many sketches, but he found the Egyptian climate difficult and returned to France in 1829. There he became a professor of architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, thanks to the links he had kept up with Penchaud. He remained in this post until 1861, when he was one of the founder members of the intellectual centre known as the Athénée.

His Architecture arabe (1827) earned him a place on the French king’s embassy to the Shah of Iran. In Iran Coste and the painter Eugène Flandin were authorised to visit the ruins of Ecbatana, Bishtun, Taq-e Bostan, Sarpol-e Zahab, Pasargadae and Persepolis, where he made many sketches. On his return via Baghdad, he saw the ruins of Seleucia, Ctesiphon and Babylon. He continued via Nineveh, to which the archaeologist Paul Émile Botta was also travelling to begin his excavations.  (Text source: Wikipedia).

Coste greatly admired the Islamic architecture of Egypt and through his work hoped to share this love with his European audience.

Pascal Coste's depiction of Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan (1839-1841).

Pascal Coste’s depiction of Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan (1839-1841).

A 19th century drawing by Pascal Coste of the Chahar Bagh Madrassah in Isfahan.

A 19th century drawing by Pascal Coste of the Chahar Bagh Madrassah in Isfahan.

Interior, qibla wall, Complex of Sultan al-Muayyad Shaykh , color plate XXVIII of Pascal Coste's "Architecture arabe; ou, Monuments du Kaire, mesurés et dessinés, de 1818 à 1826", 1818-18

Interior, qibla wall, Complex of Sultan al-Muayyad Shaykh , color plate XXVIII of Pascal Coste’s “Architecture arabe; ou, Monuments du Kaire, mesurés et dessinés, de 1818 à 1826”, 1818-1826

Interior courtyard, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tūlūn, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Interior courtyard, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tūlūn, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Faraj ibn Barquq, consists of khanqah, large mosque, two mausoleums, two sabil-kuttabs, two minarets, two large domes; central courtyard with four-iwan plan; stone minbar, made by order of Sultan Qayt-Bay in 1483

Complex of Sultan Faraj ibn Barquq, consists of khanqah, large mosque, two mausoleums, two sabil-kuttabs, two minarets, two large domes; central courtyard with four-iwan plan; stone minbar, made by order of Sultan Qayt-Bay in 1483

Interior courtyard, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tūlūn, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Interior courtyard, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tūlūn, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Faraj ibn Barquq, consists of khanqah, large mosque, two mausoleums, two sabil-kuttabs, two minarets, two large domes; central courtyard with four-iwan plan; stone minbar, made by order of Sultan Qayt-Bay in 1483

Complex of Sultan Faraj ibn Barquq, consists of khanqah, large mosque, two mausoleums, two sabil-kuttabs, two minarets, two large domes; central courtyard with four-iwan plan; stone minbar, made by order of Sultan Qayt-Bay in 1483

Exterior, Darb al-Ahmar street view of Amir Khayerbak & Aqsunqur Mosques, Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Exterior, Darb al-Ahmar street view of Amir Khayerbak & Aqsunqur Mosques, Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Qalawun, exterior, street view of mosque, Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Qalawun, exterior, street view of mosque, Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Hasan, interior, courtyard and ablution fountain, "Vue Interieure de la Mosquee Hassan," color plate XXV of Pascal Coste's "Architecture arabe;  1818-1826

Complex of Sultan Hasan, interior, courtyard and ablution fountain, “Vue Interieure de la Mosquee Hassan,” color plate XXV of Pascal Coste’s “Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Exterior, Complex of Sultan Hasan, color plate XXV of Pascal Coste's "Architecture arabe;  1818-1826

Exterior, Complex of Sultan Hasan, color plate XXV of Pascal Coste’s “Architecture arabe; 1818-1826

Exterior, facade and souk, Complex of Sultan al-Muayyad Shaykh, Architecture arabe ,1818-1826

Exterior, facade and souk, Complex of Sultan al-Muayyad Shaykh, Architecture arabe ,1818-1826

Exterior, view in streetscape, Complex of Sultan Qaytbay, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Exterior, view in streetscape, Complex of Sultan Qaytbay, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

 

Interior, prayer hall, Complex of Sultan Qaytbay, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Interior, prayer hall, Complex of Sultan Qaytbay, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

General view, Northern Cemetery, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

General view, Northern Cemetery, Architecture arabe, 1818-1826

Bab al-Futuh, general view.

Bab al-Futuh, general view.

 

 

 

  • egyptian islamic architecture

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