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Inside the Naulakha Pavilion. Photo by Islamic-arts.org

The Naulakha Pavilion

The Naulakha Pavilion, so named for the mystical number nine and for the nine lakhs of rupees it took to build it, is a small white marble building, with a large arched entrance and an extraordinary curved, convex roof.

Photo © F.Bhatti (islamic-arts.org)

Badshahi Masjid Lahore

The Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671 and completed in 1673, is the second largest mosque in Pakistan. Epitomising the beauty, passion and grandeur of the Mughal era, it is Lahore’s most famous landmark and a major tourist attraction.

Phot by claudia yeh - Creative Commons License.

The Tomb of Etimad ud Doulah

Etimad-ud-Daula’s Tomb (Urdu: اعتماد الدولہ کا مقبرہ‎, I’timād-ud-Daulah kā Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Often described as ‘jewel box’, sometimes called…

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Lahore Fort over the years

I have had the chance to visit the Lahore Fort on a number of occasions. The fort always seemed to be in a worse condition than it was during my previous visit. While photographing…

Through the arches of Shalamar Bagh

The Shalimar Bagh (Garden), was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. Construction began in 1641 A.D. (1051 A.H.) and was completed the following year. The project management…

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Wazir Khan Mosque Lahore

The Wazir Khan Mosque  in Lahore, Pakistan, is famous for its extensive tile work and frescos. It was built in seven years starting around 1634–1635 AD during the reign of the Mughal Emperor…

Naulakha Pavilion and the Shish Mahal

The Citadel (Lahore Fort)

The Lahore Fort is one of the noblest structures of its kind in the world. Rising out of the northwest corner of the walled city, it has been a symbol of its earliest days.

Mughal Gardens in Kashmir

By the time Kashmir passed into the hands of the Mughals in the 16th C., these gardens embedded with the Persian spirit were already established in Kashmir. What perhaps the Mughals did later…

Agra - Red Fort

The Agra Fort

Near the gardens of the Taj Mahal stands the important 16th-century Mughal monument known as the Red Fort of Agra. This powerful fortress of red sandstone encompasses, within its 2.5-km-long enclosure walls, the…

"The Mosque of Wuzeer Ulee Khan," published by the Illustrated London News, 1858; click on the image for a large scan

Reading Masjid Wazir Khan

Wazir Khan’s Mosque, in the heart of the Walled City of Lahore, is one of the most thoroughly documented and discussed of our monuments. In 1887, Kipling (John Lockwood, father of Rudyard) discussed…

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Domes & Arches of Shah Jehan Mosque (Thatta)

The Shah Jehan Mosque (Grand Mosque) is located in Thatta (Province of Sindh, PAKISTAN).

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal – Refined Elegance

The Taj Mahal: Symbol of India, architectural jewel, and monument to a grand passion. We take a closer look at the Taj Mahal and revisit its history – why it was built and…

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